Brief Summary

  • Morning & Evening Routines

Sikhs have rejected ceremonies and rituals practices which give rise to egotistical pride. They prefer more moral values and spiritual development. In every Gurdwara and most of the Sikh homes, people get up at the early hours of the morning, take a bath and worship The Creator, through the morning prayers and sing The Lord’s Praises. Many Sikhs, especially children in schools, who are unable to recite the  full ‘Japji Sahib’ do the Mool Mantra or just Satnam Vaheguru. Asa Di Var is usually sung in the Gurdwara and in the evening Rehras with Kirtan Sohila before night sleep.

  • Marriage

It is solemnized by making the bride hold one end of a sash while the other end is held by the bridegroom. The 4 marriage vows (Lahvaan) should be read by the couple and then together, one lead and take a walk round the Guru Granth Sahib in reverence. They then take a bow in acceptance of the Lahvaan, sit and repeat the process a further 3 times.  The wedding ceremony is called Anand Karaj. It is usually carried out early in the morning but it’s not mandatory. Divorced or widow re-marriage is permitted in Sikhism and is performed  in the same way, with some variations around the globe.   More…. Click Here

  • Childbirth

A few days in the passing, after the birth of a child the family accompanied by relatives and friends, come to the Gurdwara. A prayer is offered in thanksgiving and for a long and blessed life for the child. After a random reading from the Guru Granth Sahib, the first letter of the Divine Hymn (shabad) is taken up by the congregation and names beginning with that letter are suggested for the child, but usually the near family make that decision. After one of the names having been accepted by the parents, the congregation raises acceptance with a loud affirmation.

  • Death

When a Sikh passes away, his body is cremated and the mourners come to the Gurdwara and offer prayers. A recital of 7 or 10 days starts in the deceased’s house with the Guru Granth Sahib present. On the appointed day of the Bhog (Finale), the Ramkali Saddu on P 923 of the Guru Granth Sahib is read which depicts the demise of the Third Guru’s passing and the transitory nature of life. The period of mourning usually lasts ten days. During this time the relatives come for condolence and listen to Gurbani. The ashes of the Sikh may be scattered in a river or the open sea.  More…. Click Here

  • Parth

This is the reading of the Granth from cover to cover and it usually takes 7 days (Sehaj). A continuous recitation by five readers for 48 hours is called an Akhand Parth. There is no priest in the Gurdwara and anyone can read the Guru Granth Sahib or a ‘sewadaar’ can assist for free. At the end of each of there ceremonies the Anand Sahib is sung, Ardas and Parshad. Ritualistic Parth is sought by a family on occasions of birth, death, opening a business, going abroad and on other social occasions.

  • Festivals

These are special days in the calendar which are celebrated in Gurdwaras, Melas or Dears, acclaiming and revering The Guru’s many feats in the World.